Andrew J. R. Puckett, Associate Professor, Department of Physics
Professor Puckett is an experimental nuclear/particle physicist studying the internal structure of strongly interacting matter in high-energy fixed-target electron-nucleon and electron-nucleus scattering experiments at Jefferson Lab (JLab). The recently completed 12 GeV upgrade of JLab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility to a maximum beam energy of 11 GeV (12 GeV) for electron-beam (photon-beam) experiments, augmented by state-of-the-art target and detector systems, will enable a world-leading physics program leading to three-dimensional imaging of the internal quark structure of protons, neutrons and nuclei with unprecedented precision in both coordinate and momentum space. The ultimate goal of the experiments is to understand how strongly interacting matter is built from its elementary quark and gluon constituents in terms of Quantum Chromodynamics, the theory of the strong interaction. Click the image to see the list of publications and citations (according to Google Scholar)
Professor Puckett was recently awarded a new three-year grant from the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics (topic area: Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics) to support our group’s efforts in the Super BigBite Spectrometer (SBS) Collaboration in Jefferson Lab’s Experimental Hall A. The research supported by the grant, titled “Three-dimensional structure of […][Read More]
The proceedings of the Sept. 2019 ECT* workshop on diquark correlations has been accepted for publication in Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. The manuscript can be found here.[Read More]
The “White Paper” detailing the science case for a positron beam at Jefferson Lab was published to the arxiv.org preprint server on July 29. Professor Puckett authored the section on polarization transfer in positron-proton elastic scattering. The “White Paper” can be found here.[Read More]
Physics Department Upcoming Events
Condensed Matter Physics Seminar9:30am
Monday, November 30th, 2020
09:30 AM - 10:30 AM
Storrs Campus onlineProf. Sang Wook Cheong,
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University
Trompe L'oeil Ferromagnetism
The characteristics of ferro-(ferri)magnetism with non-zero magnetization include magnetic attraction, magnetic circular dichroism, and magneto-optical Kerr (MOKE), Faraday, and various anomalous Hall-type (Hall, Ettingshausen, Nernst, and thermal Hall) effects. Non-magnetic or antiferromagnetic materials in external electric fields or other environments (called specimen constituents) can share symmetry operational similarity (SOS) with magnetization in relation to broken symmetries. These specimen constituents can be associated with non-zero magnetization and/or show ferromagnetism-like behaviors, so we say that they exhibit Trompe L’oeil Ferromagnetism. Examples include linear magnetoelectric materials such as Cr2O3 under electric fields, Faraday effect in chiral materials such as tellurium with current flow, magnetic field induced by the motion of Neel- or Bloch-type ferroelectric walls, and magneto-optical Kerr (MOKE), Faraday effect, and/or anomalous Hall-type effects in certain antiferromagnets such as Cr2O3, MnPSe3, Mn4(Nb,Ta)2O9, and Mn3(Sn,Ge,Ga). A large number of new specimen constitutes having SOS with Magnetization will be discussed, and require future experimental verification of their ferromagnetism-like behaviors, and also theoretical understanding of possible microscopic mechanisms.
Contact Information: Prof. A. Balatsky.More
Particle, Astrophysics, And Nuclear Physics Seminar2:00pm
Monday, November 30th, 2020
02:00 PM - 03:00 PM
Storrs Campus onlineProf. H.Haggard, Bard College
Why do so many black holes measured in gravitational waves have zero spin?
Black hole entropy is a robust prediction of quantum gravity with no established phenomenological consequences to date. We use the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula and general-relativistic statistical mechanics to determine the probability distribution of random geometries uniformly sampled in phase space. We show that this statistics (in the limit \( \hbar \to 0\) ) is relevant to large curvature perturbations, resulting in a population of primordial black holes with zero natal spin. In principle, the identification of such a population at LIGO, Virgo, and future gravitational wave observatories could provide the first observational evidence for the statistical nature of black hole entropy.
Contact Information: Prof. L. JinMore
Wednesday, December 2nd, 2020
10:00 AM - 11:00 AM
Storrs Campus onlineProf. Steven Longmore, Liverpool John Moores University
Ecosystems and Life
Abstract: I will cover two topics united under the theme of ecosystems shaping the potential for life. In the first half, I will present recent results showing that the architecture of planetary systems is shaped by their environmental ecosystems, in particular the degree of stellar clustering around their host star (Winter et al, 2020, Nature, 586, 528). We identify old, co-moving stellar groups around exoplanet host stars in the astrometric data from the Gaia satellite and demonstrate that the architecture of planetary systems exhibits a strong dependence on local stellar clustering in position-velocity phase space, implying a dependence on their formation or evolution environment. After controlling for host stellar age, mass, metallicity, and distance from the Sun, we obtain highly significant differences in planetary (system) properties between phase space overdensities and the field. The median semi-major axis and orbital period of planets in overdensities are 0.087 au and 9.6 days, respectively, compared to 0.81 au and 154 days for planets around field stars. 'Hot Jupiters' (massive, close-in planets) predominantly exist in stellar phase-space overdensities, strongly suggesting that their extreme orbits originate from environmental perturbations rather than internal migration or planet-planet scattering. Our findings suggest that stellar clustering is an important factor setting the architectures of planetary systems. In the second half of the talk, I will discuss how we are using astrophysics research techniques to help ecologists protect ecosystems, save critically endangered animal species, and stop peat forest fires that are a major contributor to climate change.
Webex link: https://uconn-cmr.webex.com/meet/cab16109
Contact Information: Prof. C. BattersbyMore